Saturday, August 25, 2012

Dhaka University Admission Test Question, 2011-2012 (Part-1)

For jobs in Bangladesh, you have to be well informed of the recent general knowledge. I will share today the questions of Dhaka University Admission Test. Try to solve the first part of the questions of Dhaka University Admission Test, 2011-2012.

Friday, August 17, 2012

Antonym Exercise




Dear friends, how are you? Hope that you are going well with your BCS preparation and Bank job preparation. My friend Rafiq has got a job in a reputed Bank. He said to me that he had made himself prepared in English by consulting GRE and GMAT book.

Today I will give some exercises of antonym. Hope that you have read my first post on tips and tactics on antonym. If not click the following link.

These exercises are all from GRE book. Now let us start.

Solving Antonym; Tips and Tricks


Synonym and antonym covers a vital part in exams for jobs in Bangladesh especially Bank jobs and BCS jobs. Today I will discuss some common tactics for answering antonym questions. After completing this post, you will get a new view in answering the antonym questions. www.bdjobs-coaching.blogspot.com is  always at your service.

Tactic 1: Think the context for the capitalized word
Take a quick look at the word in capital letters. If you don’t remember its meaning right away, try to think a phrase or sentences in which you have heard it used. The context may help you come with the word’s meaning. Let us take an example.

MAGNIFY:
A. forgive                            B. comprehend                 C. extract                             D. diminish          E. electrify

Now think about magnifying glass. What comes to your mind? A magnifying glass enlarges things. The opposite word of enlarging something is to make it smaller or diminish it. The answer is Choice D.

Now apply this learning to a slightly more difficult question.

ABERRANT:
A. exact                                B. simple              C. causative                        D. ordinary                          E. pleasant

What phrase comes to your mind? `Aberrant behavior’ or `Aberrant data’? in both cases, you have an impression of something deviating from what it is expected. Aberrant behavior is odd or extraordinary behavior. Aberrant therefore is an antonym of ordinary. The correct answer is Choice D.

Tactic 2: Before you look at the choices, think of antonyms for the capitalized word
Suppose your word is industrious or hard working. What opposites come to your mind? You might come up with laze, idle, slothful, inactive- all words that mean lacking industry and energy.
Now look at the choices

INDUSTRIOUS:
A. stupid              B. harsh                C. indolent                          D. complex                         E. inexpensive

Lazy, idle and slothful all are synonyms for indolent. Your correct answer is Choice C.

Tactic 3: Read all choices before you decide which is best
In exam hall, you remain under pressure. You may be tempted to mark down the first answer that feels right and ignore the other choices given. Don’t do it. Consider each answer. Only in this way can you be sure to distinguish between two possible answers and come up with the best answer for the question.
Words have shades of meaning. In matching a word with its opposite, you must pay attention to these shades of meaning. Try this example to see how this tactic works.

UNRULY:
A  immobile                        B. engaging                         C. merciful                          D. tractable                         E.indifferent

Suppose you have only a vague sense of the meaning of unruly. You associate it with such vaguely negative terms as wild, disagreeable, bad.  For this reason, you stop short when you come to Choice C. Reasoning that someone wild and disagreeable or merciful; you look no further and mark down Choice C.

Choice C, however, is incorrect. True, an unruly person is wild and hard to manage, even rebellious. Someone who lacks rebelliousness, however, is not necessarily merciful. Such a person is easy to manage, compliant, if fact tractable. The correct answer is Choice D.

Tactic 4: Look at the answer choices to determine the word’s part of speech
Look the capitalized word. What part of speech is it? Words often exist in several forms. You may think of run as a verb, for example, but in the phases, “A RUN IN HER STOCKING” and “HIT A HOME RUN” is a noun.
The questions play on this confusion in testing your verbal ability. When you look at a particular capitalized word, you may not know whether you are dealing with a noun, a verb, or an adjective. Harbor, for example, is a very common noun; in “to harbor a fugitive,” to give refuge to a runway, it is a much less common verb.
If you suspect that a capitalized word may have more than one part of speech, don’t worry. Just look at the first couple of answer choices and see what part of speech they are. That part of speech will be the capitalized word’s part of speech.
In common antonym questions, all the answer choices have the same part of speech. You can always tell what that part of speech is by quick glance at the first answer choice or two.
See how this tactic works in answering a relatively simple question.

POLISH:
A. ruthlessness                 B. honesty                          C. indolence                       D. gaucheness                   E. complexity

Are you dealing with polish the verb or polish the noun?
A quick look at the answers assures you that they are all nouns. Polish here has nothing to do with rubbing and shining your silverware. The noun polish means refinement and culture: The country squire went abroad to acquire polish. Its opposite is gaucheness or awkwardness. The correct answer is ChoiceD.

Tactic 5: Consider secondary meaning of capitalized word as well as its primary meaning
None of the answer choices seems right to you, take another look at the capitalized word. It may have more than on meaning. The common antonym questions often construct questions that make use of secondary, less well-known meaning of deceptive familiar words. Take, for example, this typical question.

LIST:
A. overturn         B. be upright                      C. lie flat                               D. fall forward                   E. veer from side to side

List here has nothing to do with making lists of enumerating. It has to do with moving. When it lists to starboard, a ship simply leans to one side or tilts. The best antonym for this meaning of list is Choice B, be upright.

Tactic 6: Break down unfamiliar words into recognizable parts
When you come upon a totally unfamiliar word, don’t give up. Break it down and see if you recognize any of its parts. Pay particular attention to prefixes- word parts added to the beginning of a word- and to roots, the building blocks of the languages.
Look once more at the following question.

ABERRANT:
A. exact                                B. simple                              C. causative                        D. ordinary                          E. pleasant

Suppose you had never seen aberrant before. You have seen dozens of other words beginning with ab-: absent, abnormal, abduct. Take abduct. What do you do when you abduct someone? You kidnap him, or steal him away. Ab> means away.
What about the root, err>? To err is to be wrong or to wandering from the usual path. Thus, aberrant means wandering away, staying from what is usual or normal, and its opposite is of course Choice D, ordinary.

Tactic 7: Change unfamiliar words from one part of speech to another
Sometimes you may be stumped by word in one form, yet recognize it easily in another. Take, for example, the word synchronous in the previous tactic. To most test-takers, the adjective synchronous is a less familiar than is the verb synchronize, as it ‘Synchronize your watches!’
When you face an unfamiliar word, try replacing its suffix with a different word ending and seed whether this change jogs your memory. In the case of the noun assiduity, for example, cut off the noun suffix –ity and replace it with the adjective suffix –ous. You now have the word assiduous, as in an assiduous worker. Does that ring a bell?  Assiduous means hardworking; assiduity, therefore, is a synonym for industriousness or diligence.

Tactic 8: in eliminating answer  choices, test words for their positive or negative connotations
When you are dealing with a partially unfamiliar word, a word that you cannot define or use in a sentence but that you know you have seen previously, try to remember in what sort of context you have seen that word. Did it have positive connotations, or did it have a negative feel? If you are certain the capitalized word has positive connotations, then, since you are looking for its antonym, you know the correct answer must have negative ones. Thus, you can eliminate any answer choices that have positive connotations and guess among the answer choices that are negative in tone.

See how this approach applies in the following example.

CHARY:
A. bold                  B. bright                               C. unsteady                        D. unforgiving                    E. unhappy

You cannot define chary. You would hesitate to use it in a sentence of your own. And yet, you are sure the word has a slightly negative feel to it. A person is chary about something. You have a sense of someone holding back.
Look at the answer choices. Which of them have negative connotations? Unsteady? Unforgiving? Unhappy? Eliminate all three. You have narrowed down your choices to bold and bright, both words that have a positive feel. You are in an excellent position to guess. As it turns out, charybold. means hesitant or reluctant to proceed. Its opposite is Choice A,

Tactic 9: watch out for errors caused by eye-catchers
When you look at answers choices, do you find that certain ones seem to leap right off the page? These words are eye-catchers. They look good—but be sure to take a second look.
Try this next antonym to see just how an eye-catcher works.

UNDERMINE:
A. ensnare                          B. overstrain                      C. mollify                             D. terminate                      E. bolster

What’s the opposite of under? Over. What’s the opposite of undermine? No, it’s not overstrain. Be suspicious of answers that come too easily. To undermine means to weaken something or cause it to collapse by removing its underlying supports. The opposite of to undermine is Choice E to bolster or support.